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Image Transformation: Grayscale to Color

maninwest
2015-02-09 02:49:11
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Translated by  [email protected]  Author:Maxim_Barsuk @ Codeproject
This is an easy algorithm of image transformation from grayscale image to color. It's far from ideal, but it is very simple.

Background
Usually we calculate gray color as:

Gray  = Green * 0.59 + Blue * 0.30 + Red * 0.11;Gray  = Green * 0.59 + Blue * 0.30 + Red * 0.11;

Each color with structure [Gray, Gray, Gray] has a set of colors:
G = [Gray, Gray, Gray] G -> P = {C}, for each C from P:  Green * 0.59 + Blue * 0.30 + Red * 0.11 = Gray.

First of all, we create a set of control points. Control point is equivalent of "gray" color and "full" color. When we have control points set, we can approximate any "gray" color to "full" color. If "gray" color is located between two control points C1 and C2, then the color approximates as:
 
K = (Gray - C1Gray)/(C2Gray - C1Gray)
Red = C1Red + K*(C2Red - C1Red)
Green = C1Green + K*(C2Green - C1Green)
Blue = C1Blue + K*(C2.Blue - C1Blue)

Now we has "full color" equivalent for each "gray" color.
Using the Code  

ControlPoint is a structure for storing data about control points.
 
public struct ControlPoint
{ private int level; public int Level
    { get { return level; } set { level = value; }
    } private Color color; public Color Color { get { return color; } set { color = value; }
    } public ControlPoint(int level, Color color)
    { this.color = color; this.level = level;
    } public override string ToString()
    { return "Level: " + level.ToString() + "; Color: " + color.ToString();
    }
} 

PointsComparer is a class for comparing two control points:
 
public class PointsComparer: IComparer
{ #region IComparer Members public int Compare(ControlPoint x, ControlPoint y)
    { if (x.Level > y.Level)
        { return 1;
        } if (x.Level < y.Level)
        { return -1;
        } return 0;
    } #endregion } 

ColorBuilder is a class for building a color diagram. It returns an array of 256 colors - our diagram.
 
public static Color[] GetColorDiagram(List points)
{ Color[] colors = new Color[256];
    points.Sort(new PointsComparer()); for (int i = 0; i < 256; i++)
    {
        ControlPoint leftColor = new ControlPoint
(0, GetNearestLeftColor(points[0].Color)); 
        ControlPoint rightColor = new ControlPoint
(255, GetNearestRigthColor(points[points.Count - 1].Color)); if (i < points[0].Level)
        {
            rightColor = points[0];
        } if (i > points[points.Count - 1].Level)
        {
            leftColor = points[points.Count - 1];
        } else { for (int j = 0; j < points.Count - 1; j++)
            { if ((points[j].Level <= i) & (points[j + 1].Level > i))
                {
                    leftColor = points[j];
                    rightColor = points[j + 1];
                }
            }
        } if ((rightColor.Level - leftColor.Level) != 0)
        { double koef = (double)(i - leftColor.Level) / 
(double)(rightColor.Level - leftColor.Level); int r = leftColor.Color.R + (int)(koef * 
(rightColor.Color.R - leftColor.Color.R)); int g = leftColor.Color.G + (int)(koef * 
(rightColor.Color.G - leftColor.Color.G)); int b = leftColor.Color.B + (int)(koef * 
(rightColor.Color.B - leftColor.Color.B)); colors[i] = Color.FromArgb(r, g, b);
        } else { colors[i] = leftColor.Color;
        }
     } return colors;
} 

Now we can get the color image:
colorBitmap = new Bitmap(sourceBitmap); for (int i = 0; i < sourceBitmap.Width; i++)
{ for (int j = 0; j < sourceBitmap.Height; j++)
    { int level = sourceBitmap.GetPixel(i, j).B; colorBitmap.SetPixel(i, j, colors[level]);
    }
}
pbxColorImage.Image = colorBitmap;



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File list

Tips: You can preview the content of files by clicking file names^_^
Name Size Date
ColorTransformApp.sln941.00 B2009-01-26 08:44
ColorTransformApp.suo17.00 kB2009-01-26 09:11
01.96 kB
01.96 kB
01.96 kB
ColorTransformApp.exe12.50 kB2009-01-26 09:12
ColorTransformApp.vshost.exe13.99 kB2009-01-26 09:13
ColorToGrayscle.cs1.76 kB2009-01-26 09:10
ColorTransformApp.csproj3.72 kB2009-01-26 09:02
MainForm.cs1.50 kB2009-01-26 09:12
MainForm.Designer.cs9.13 kB2009-01-26 09:05
MainForm.resx6.07 kB2009-01-26 09:05
Program.cs512.00 B2009-01-26 08:44
01.96 kB
AssemblyInfo.cs1.43 kB2009-01-26 08:44
Resources.Designer.cs2.80 kB2009-01-26 08:44
Resources.resx5.48 kB2009-01-26 08:44
Settings.Designer.cs1.08 kB2009-01-26 08:44
Settings.settings249.00 B2009-01-26 08:44
...
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Image Transformation: Grayscale to Color (27.34 kB)(70.43 kB)

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